At the end of 19th century and beginning of 20th century, determinate by social, economic, cultural and scientific changes, rural world and life became an important subject for many thinkers.
Over the past 50 years, however, humans have had a tremendous damaging impact on their environment. The term of Sustainable Development was launched in 1987, when the “Report Our Common Future” was published. The United Nations formed the so called Brundtland commission in 1983 in order to find the answer for some, at then already pressing challenges, and the commission compiled “Our Common Future”. The Brundtland Report states that for environmental conversation is necessary: human resource development in the form of poverty reduction, gender equity, and wealth redistribution.
In 1980 an independent commission came together, under the chairmanship of the chancellor Willy Brandt. The starting point of the work in the Brandt Report was, that the development of the World after the 2nd World War was not, as many people hoped, some pressing problems were still present. After the Brundtland Report, it was a long path, before we arrived at the Sustainable Development Goals. In 1992 was a summit hold in Rio. It s short name was the Earth Summit. Its main message was that the transformation of behaviour and attitude is necessary to reach the necessary changes.
During this conference is formulated the Agenda 21, and it outlined 27 not binding principles for global development, but about the carbon dioxide emissions there is a binding declaration accepted.
In the 21st century, according to United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Report “The future of food and agriculture – Trends and challenges” today there are new trends and challenges in rural world, especially regarding the future of food and agriculture.
Human well-being is highly dependent on ecosystems and the benefits they provide such as food and drinkable water.
In 2012 was held the so called Rio Summit, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The main outcome of this important conference was the decision about the creation of the Sustainable Development Goals, which will follow up the Millennium Development Goals after 2015.
It was also very important, that it formulated for the first time guidelines on green economy and green economy policies.
The United Nations formulated in 2015 the Agenda for “Transforming our World: the Agenda 2030 towards Sustainable Development”. This resolution is Successor of the Millennium Development Goals, which were formulated in the beginning of the 21st century.
The Millennium Goals have 8 goals, while the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 17.
Many points of SDGs is about how to finish poverty, hunger, achieve food security for everyone, reducing inequalities within and among countries, get clean water and energy to everyone. One way of realizing these goals is green economy. The expression was defined by United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) as economy that results “improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities”
Other important concepts in this topic among others are food security, food sovereignty, and local products.
Eva Neumayer – Butterfly Development